Highlights in history on this date:
1087: King William II, son of William the Conqueror, is crowned King of England.
1580: Francis Drake arrives in Plymouth, England, after sailing The Golden Hind around the world in 33 months.
1687: The Acropolis in Athens is attacked and badly damaged by the Venetian army trying to eject the Turks.
1820: Death of Daniel Boone, US frontiersman.
1855: Australia’s first railway station opens at what is to become Central Station.
1907: New Zealand becomes self-governing dominion within British Commonwealth.
1918: Allies launch offensive that eventually breaks Germany’s Hindenburg Line in World War I.
1934: The British Cunard liner Queen Mary is launched in Clydebank, Scotland.
1937: US blues singer Bessie Smith dies after a car crash.
1945: Bela Bartok, Hungarian composer of many orchestral and piano works and the opera Bluebeard’s Castle, dies in New York.
1950: United Nations forces recapture Seoul, capital of South Korea.
1957: Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim’s musical West Side Story opens on Broadway.
1962: Imam Badr is driven from power in Yemen, ending more than 1000-year dynasty.
1969: The family comedy series The Brady Bunch premieres on ABC-TV in the US.
1978: Karol Wojtyla, archbishop of Cracow becomes Pope John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope since 1522.
1980: In West Germany, 13 people are killed and more than 200 injured in a terrorist bomb blast at the Munich beer festival.
1983: Australia II wins America’s Cup yachting series off Newport, Rhode Island, the first US loss in 132 years.
1 984: Britain and China sign initial agreement that returns Hong Kong to Chinese rule in 1997.
1986: Australian film Crocodile Dundee opens in US and takes the country by storm.
1989: Vietnam withdraws its troops from Cambodia.
1991: Four men and four women begin a two-year stay inside a sealed-off structure in Oracle, Arizona, called Biosphere Two.
1992: A Nigerian military transport plane crashes soon after takeoff from Lagos, killing all 163 people aboard.
1993: Eight people emerge from the glass dome of Biosphere Two in the Arizona desert after being sealed inside for two years in an experiment dogged by setbacks and controversy.
1995: Former prime minister Giulio Andreotti goes on trial in Italy, charged with membership of the Mafia.
1996: US astronaut Shannon Lucid returns to earth after 188 days in orbit on the Russian space station Mir, longer than any other American and a record for a woman.
1997: An Indonesian Airbus A300 crashes while approaching Medan Airport in north Sumatra, killing all 234 people aboard.
1999: A series of explosions rips through a busy shopping area in the central Mexican city of Celaya, killing 61 people and injuring at least 340.
2001: Belgium hands over Emmanuel Ndindabahizi, a former Rwandan finance minister, to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to face charges of involvement in genocide.
2002: A Senegalese ferry, the Joola, capsizes off the Gambian coast killing about 1860 people with only 64 survivors.
2005: The Irish Republican Army announces it has fully disarmed, a breakthrough verified by international weapons inspectors who say they watched the secret disarmament.
2008: The list of products caught in China’s tainted milk scandal grows to include baby cereal in Hong Kong and snack foods in Japan.
2011: Two thousand years after they were written and decades after they were found in desert caves, some of the world-famous Dead Sea Scrolls go online for the first time.
2015: Three people are injured in a boat explosion on the Brisbane River at Yeronga.
2016: US presidential hopefuls Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump go head-to-head in their first televised debate ahead of the November poll.
2017: A Croatian court has sentenced former Serbian paramilitary commander and Australian citizen Dragan Vasiljkovic 15 years in prison for war crimes in the 1990s.
2018: Two women are charged with the attempted murder and kidnapping of a 19-year-old Campbelltown woman after they allegedly forced her into the boot of a car and threw her 30 metres from Windsor bridge into the Hawkesbury River.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Russian physiologist and Nobel laureate (1849-1936); T (homas) S (tearns) Eliot, British writer and Nobel laureate (1888-1965); Martin Heidegger, German philosopher (1889-1976); George Gershwin, US songwriter (1898-1937); Leonard Teale, Australian actor (1922-1994); Ian Chappell, Australian cricketer and commentator (1943); Bryan Ferry, British singer (1945); Lynn Anderson, US singer (1947-2015); Olivia Newton-John, Australian singer (1948); Linda Hamilton, US actor (1956); Steve Moneghetti, Australian marathon runner, (1962); James Caviezel, American actor (1968); Serena Williams, US tennis player (1981).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
“As in the physical world, so in the spiritual world, pain does not last forever” — Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand-born author (1888-1923).
Originally published as Today in History: September 26