Eczema is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough. Blisters can also be a side effect of eczema. People who suffer from eczema have alterations in their skin barrier, and overly reactive inflammatory and allergy responses. Environmental factors for developing eczema include detergent, exposure to allergens and infections from certain bacteria and viruses. What are some of the ways a person can treat their eczema symptoms?
The British Skin Foundation said: “Atopic eczema (AE) is a very common skin condition due to skin inflammation.
It may start at any age but the onset is often in childhood.
One in every five children in the UK is affected by eczema at some stage. It may also start later in life in people who did not have AE as a child.
The term atopic is used to describe a group of conditions, which include asthma, eczema and hay-fever and food allergy.
These conditions are all linked by an increased activity of the allergy side of the body’s immune system.
Eczema is a term which comes from the Greek word, to boil, and is used to describe red, dry, itchy skin which can sometimes become weeping, blistered, crusted, scaling and thickened.”
There is no cure for eczema. Treatment condition aims to heal the affected skin and prevent flare-ups of symptoms.
A person could try a few home care remedies which include:
- Taking lukewarm baths
- Applying moisturiser within three minutes of bathing to ‘lock in’ moisture
- Moisturise everyday
- Using a mild soap
- Air drying where possible
- Using a humidifier
Topical creams mean ‘applied to the skin surface’. Most eczema treatments are topical, although for more severe eczema some people need to take oral medication.
Complete emollient therapy is the mainstay of treatment.
A person who suffers from eczema should regularly apply moisturiser and washing with a moisturiser instead of soap.
Certain medications can be used to help treat eczema, these include antibiotics, antiviral medications, phototherapy and antihistamines.
The NHS said: “The exact cause if atopic eczema is unknown, but it’s clear it is not down to one single thing.
It often occurs in people who get allergies and it can fun in families, often developing alongside other conditions, such as asthma and hay fever.
You should see your GP if you have symptoms of eczema.
They’ll usually be able to diagnose atopic eczema by looking at your skin and asking certain questions such as whether the rash is itchy or not, when symptoms started and whether there is a history of atopic eczema in your family.”